Fix Windows Update Error 800f0831

Windows Server 2012 R2 windows updates failing with error code 800f0831.

If any previous update is missing on the server then you will get the above error. To find the missing patch you have to check the CBS logs on the affected server and you will find the similar entries like below.

2020-04-29 04:21:03, Error                 CBS    Failed to resolve package 'Package_8_for_KB4534309~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~6.3.1.8' [HRESULT = 0x800f0831 - CBS_E_STORE_CORRUPTION]
2020-04-29 04:21:03, Info                  CBS    Mark store corruption flag because of package: Package_8_for_KB4534309~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~6.3.1.8. [HRESULT = 0x800f0831 - CBS_E_STORE_CORRUPTION]

Solution

Access the CBS log files on the affected computer from:

C:\Windows\Logs\CBS

Search the CBS log files for Failed to resolve package or Mark store corruption flag and the missing KB is mentioned. Manually download and install that KB from catalog.update.microsoft.com. In my case it was KB4534309.

Restart the affected computer then try running Windows Updates again normally. Repeat the solution if you encounter the same error again, a new problem KB should be reported in the logs.

Additional Suggestions

Lots of articles online suggest running the following then restarting. While these didn’t resolve my trouble you may have better success.

sfc /scannow
dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth

If you’re unable to get it resolved with the above steps feel free to holler@bscnsltng.com.